Dissemination of the Center’s research about homicide and its related phenomena is core to the mission of the Center for Homicide Research. The research and presentations by Center for Homicide Research researchers have been published in numerous places.

Homicides Subside: Peacefulness Gradually Returns to Minneapolis at End of 2020

By Heather Verdin & Dallas S. Drake

This paper investigates the distribution of homicides across the year in Minneapolis by plotting the intervals of peacefulness between homicide incidents. Data shows the drop in peacefulness began in concert with the “stay-at-home order,” but was exacerbated by the civil unrest. Since that time, peacefulness has been increasing as we approach the end of the year, despite a reduction in the number of patrol staffing throughout the city.

Teachers With Guns: Firearms Discharges by Schoolteachers, 1980-2012

By: Dallas S. Drake, and Erica Yurvati

Following the shooting at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, the NRA proposed arming schoolteachers as a means of stopping mass shootings. This paper investigates firearm discharge by schoolteachers prior to Sandy Hook with the hope that it might provide a baseline for later comparative analysis.

Access the report, click here.

Homicide: A Forensic Psychology Casebook

By: Dallas S. Drake

In a book released in 2017, Joan Swart and Lee Mellor have produced: Homicide: A Forensic Psychology Casebook. Chapter 14 was authored by CHR senior researcher Dallas Drake and is called “Intra-psychic Motivations in Stranger Homicides Involving Gay or Bisexual Males.” This chapter first lays the groundwork for sexual homicide of gay or bisexual males. It then offers two in-depth case studies of gay homicide victims Leslie Benscoter of St. Paul, Minnesota, and Earl Craig, Jr. of Minneapolis. This is a must-read for investigators or anyone interested in better understanding the motivations of people who kill gay or bisexual men.

According to World-Cat, thi book is already available in at least 99 libraries across the United States.

To access the book, click here.

Using GIS to Analyze Twenty-Two Years of GLBT and Non-GLBT Homicides From 1990 to 2012 in the State of Minnesota.

By: Neema Mohseni

Authored by former research intern Neema Mohseni, this paper reveals the geographic distribution of GLBT versus non-GLBT homicides in Minnesota over 22 years. Mohseni served as a GIS-specialist during his time at the center.

Access the SharePoint slides here.

LGBT+ Concealed Carry Rates Before and After the Pulse Nightclub Shooting

By: Dallas S. Drake, Molly M. Eldevik, Catherine H.C. Kleindl, Jeffrey A. Mathwig, & Elizabeth A. Ronald

The Center for Homicide Research conducted a study at the 2017 Twin Cities Pride Festival in Minneapolis, Minnesota. This study assessed concealed carry rates among LGBT+ individuals before and after the Pulse Nightclub shooting. The assessments made in this study also considered self-defense needs within the LGBT+ community.

To access this report, Click Here.

Understanding Necrophilia

By: Dallas S. Drake

The much awaited book, Understanding Necrophilia: A Global Multidisciplinary Approach, has finally reached store shelves. Perhaps the best is chapter 20, “Windows Into the Crypt: Proposing a Scale of Sexual Animation” authored by Dallas Drake, the Center for Homicide Research’s Principal Researcher. In it he proposes that necrophilia can be organized along a continuum opposite of paraphilic (or anger excitation) rape and that scale entries increase or decrease depending on how much motion an offender desires during sex. This helps explain the interrelatedness with such things as date-rapes using GHB, or alternately, having sex with nude mannequins. According to Drake too much emphasis is placed on death’s association to this form of sexual offending.

Beyond “The Perfect Murder”: The Public Health Model In Contemporary Open-Data Journalism

By: Christopher Conway

The nature of mass media has changed from a centralized model of traditional journalism to a decentralized model heavily based on open-data and instantaneous social media communication. The Center for Homicide Research examined the issue of whether new forms of media follow best practices for reporting on and providing information on homicide. Researchers hypothesized that traditional media would more closely follow the public health model of homicide reporting relative to nontraditional media. This research highlights some of the risks of poor reporting on homicide, including bias in the criminal justice system, entrenched residential segregation, and public misinformation on the causes and realities of violent crime. We conclude that the highest quality homicide data sources and coverage still come from the top traditional journalism outlets.

To access this report, Click Here.

Intimate Partner Homicide-Suicide: The Role of Media in Depicting Life-Ending Events

By: Susan McCormick Hadley, Associate Researcher, PhD, MPH

A special program of the Center for Homicide Research involves the opportunity to become an Associate Researcher. This allows serious academic researchers to obtain the technical and material support of the Center for select independent projects. Susan McCormick Hadley, a student at Fielding Graduate University, pursued her doctoral dissertation with us during the 2013-14 year. Professionally, Ms. Hadley is from the University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, and is an adjunct faculty at the University of Minnesota’s School of Medicine. The full title of her completed dissertation is, “Intimate Partner Homicide-Suicide: The Role of Media in Depicting Life-Ending Events: The Role of Media in Depicting Life-Ending Events, Along with an Analysis of the Prevalence and Geographic Distribution of these Events.”  The Center is in the process of making this report available.

To access this dissertation, Click Here.

Behavioral Patterns in the Body Disposals of Female Intimate-Partners

By: Dallas S. Drake and Rachel L. Thrasher

This 14-page research report is “law-enforcement sensitive,” meaning that it is not available to the general public. Based on 150 homicide cases where female intimates were murdered and then disposed of (and later found), this report lays out a detailed account of how offenders disposed of bodies or human remains. Common and uncommon patterns were identified and a strategy for how to use this information is included in the report. Results indicate a probability search area depending on various identified aspects of your current case. Cases included wives, estranged wives, ex-wives, girlfriends, estranged girlfriends, ex-girlfriends, and partners. In all cases a male offender killed a female intimate, and that victim was missing for 24 hours or more prior to being located.

To obtain a free copy of this report, contact the Principal Researcher at, or call 612-331-4820.  The report will be made available to city, county, state, or federal law enforcement investigators.

Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Civil Rights: A Public Policy Agenda for Uniting a Divided America

Edited by: Wallace Swan

Called, “Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Civil Rights: A Public Policy Agenda for Uniting a Divided America,” this book is now available. It is edited by Wallace Swan and published by Taylor & Francis. One chapter authored by Dallas Drake of the Center for Homicide Research is titled: “Understanding Economic Power Dynamics as a Method to Combat LGBT Homicides.” This double-length chapter details the role of class in helping create and maintain victimization among LGBT people. Ordering is available from the publisher or it can be found on

According to World-Cat, this book is already available in at least 201 libraries across the United States.

To access an online (Google) version of the book, click here.